Planning costs are often mistakenly considered non-productive costs, because no physical work is being accomplished. Some may consider planning spending as either discretionary or unnecessary. In practice, the cost and schedule savings of completing the work on time and within budget more than offset reasonable planning expenditures. Poorly planned jobs rarely get all of the work completed within budget and schedule expectations. Jobs that pose increased risk potential require greater planning discipline and adherence to proven project management methodology. View the video clip below to see O I C Outage Management Specialist Jim Galloway present on the topic.